More Emergency Services
Search & Rescue
More Emergency Services...
These services can be provided by one of the core services or by a separate government or private body.
Military — to provide specialist services, such as bomb disposal or to supplement emergency services at times of major disaster, civil dispute or high demand.
Coastguard — Provide coastal patrols with a security function at sea, as well as involvement in search and rescue operations
Lifeboat — Dedicated providers of rescue lifeboat services, usually at sea (such as by the RNLI in the United Kingdom).
Mountain rescue — to provide search and rescue in mountainous areas, and sometimes in other wilderness environments.
Cave rescue — to rescue people injured, trapped, or lost during caving explorations.
Mine rescue — specially trained and equipped to rescue miners trapped by fires, explosions, cave-ins, toxic gas, flooding, etc.
Technical rescue — other types of technical or heavy rescue, but usually specific to a discipline (such as swift water).
Search and rescue — can be discipline-specific, such as urban, wildland, maritime, etc.
Wildland fire suppression — to suppress, detect and control fires in forests and other wildland areas.
Bomb disposal — to render safe hazardous explosive ordnance, such as terrorist devices or unexploded wartime bombs.
Blood/organ transplant supply — to provide organs or blood on an emergency basis, such as the National Blood Service of the United Kingdom.
Emergency management — to provide and coordinate resources during large-scale emergencies.
Amateur radio emergency communications — to provide communications support to other emergency services.
Hazmat — removal of hazardous materials Air search providing aerial spotting for the emergency services, such as conducted by the Civil Air Patrol in the US, or Sky Watch in the UK.
Civil emergency services... These groups and organisations respond to emergencies and provide other safety-related services either as a part of their on-the-job duties, as part of the main mission of their business or concern, or as part of their hobbies.
Public utilities — safeguarding gas, electricity and water, which are all potentially hazardous if infrastructure fails
Emergency road service — provide repair or recovery for disabled or crashed vehicles
Civilian Traffic Officers — such as operated by the Highways Agency in the UK to facilitiate clearup and traffic flow at road traffic collisions
Emergency social services Community emergency response teams — help organize facilities such as rest centers during large emergencies
Disaster relief — such as services provided by the Red Cross and Salvation Army Famine relief teams
Amateur radio communications groups — provide communications support during emergencies
Poison Control — providing specialist support for poisoning
Animal control — can assist or lead response to emergencies involving animals
Forest Service St. John Ambulance / Red Cross / Order of Malta Ambulance Corps — Medical & First Aid Support Location-specific emergency services
Some locations have emergency services dedicated to them, and whilst this does not necessarily preclude employees using their skills outside this area (or be used to support other emergency services outside their area), they are primarily focused on the safety or security of a given geographical place.
Park rangers — looking after many emergencies within their given area, including fire, medical and security issues
Lifeguards — charged with reacting to emergencies within their own given remit area, usually a pool, beach or open water area
Effective emergency service management requires agencies from many different services to work closely together and to have open lines of communication. Most services do, or should, have procedures and liaisons in place to ensure this, although absence of these can be severely detrimental to good working. There can sometimes be tension between services for a number of other reasons, including professional versus voluntary crew members, or simply based on area or division. To aid effective communications, different services may share common practices and protocol for certain large-scale emergencies. In the US, the Department of Homeland Security has called for nationwide implementation of the National Incident Management System (NIMS), of which the Incident Command System (ICS) is a part.